# Nonlinear System (1)

## Model description:

Consider the nonlinear system

\begin{align*} x_{11}(k+1) &=\frac{x_{11}^2(k)}{1+x_{11}^2(k)}+0.3x_{12}(k), \\ x_{12}(k+1) &=\frac{x_{11}^2(k)}{1+x_{12}^2(k)+x_{21}^2(k)+x_{22}^2(k)}+a(k)u_{1}(k), \\ x_{21}(k+1) &=\frac{x_{21}^2(k)}{1+x_{21}^2(k)}+0.2x_{22}(k), \\ x_{22}(k+1) &=\frac{x_{21}^2(k)}{1+x_{11}^2(k)+x_{12}^2(k)+x_{22}^2(k)}+b(k)u_{2}(k), \\ y_1(k+1) &= x_{11}(k+1)+0.005 \mathrm{rand}(1), \\ y_2(k+1) &=x_{21}(k+1)+0.005 \mathrm{rand}(1), \end{align*}

where $a(k)=1+0.1\sin{(2\pi k/1500)}$, $b(k)=1+0.1\cos{(2\pi k/1500)}$are two time-varying parameters. This example is controlled by using neural network without time-varying parameters $a(k)$, $b(k)$, and the noise.

The initial values are: $x_{1,1}(1)=x_{1,1}(2)=x_{2,1}(1)=x_{2,1}(2)=0.5$, $x_{1,2}(1)=x_{1,2}(2)=x_{2,2}(1)=x_{2,2}(2)=0$, $u(1)=u(2)=[0,0]^{\mathrm T}.$

## Publication details:

 Title Data-Driven Model-Free Adaptive Control for a Class of MIMO Nonlinear Discrete-Time Systems Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2011 Authors Hou, Zhongsheng, and Jin ShangTai Journal IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks Volume 22 Issue 12 Start Page 2173 Pagination 2173-2188 Date Published 11/2011 ISSN 1045-9227 ISBN Number 12409274 Keywords adaptive control, control system synthesis, convergence, discrete time systems, linearisation techniques, MIMO systems, nonlinear control systems, stability, tracking Abstract In this paper, a data-driven model-free adaptive control (MFAC) approach is proposed based on a new dynamic linearization technique (DLT) with a novel concept called pseudo-partial derivative for a class of general multiple-input and multiple-output nonlinear discrete-time systems. The DLT includes compact form dynamic linearization, partial form dynamic linearization, and full form dynamic linearization. The main feature of the approach is that the controller design depends only on the measured input/output data of the controlled plant. Analysis and extensive simulations have shown that MFAC guarantees the bounded-input bounded-output stability and the tracking error convergence. DOI 10.1109/TNN.2011.2176141